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Stephen Hamilton
by on December 9, 2019
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Stainless steel coils are an extensively used material in various sectors. Whatever the industry, whether construction, energy, transport or medical, stainless steel coils are considered an effective solution.  (Information credit: https://www.eurosteel.co.za/stainless-steel/coil/)

The massive popularity of stainless steel coils is due to its many beneficial characteristics, such as corrosion resistance, great sustainability, high level of sturdiness and cost-effectiveness.

Multiple grades of stainless steel coils are available, each with their own unique characteristics and grade that are suitable for different applications. Stainless steel is available in various forms to suit different purposes. You can find several reputable stainless steel coils or bars suppliers in South Africa, who will offer you a variety of products. Other than choosing the right grade, you should also select the right supplier for the best quality stainless steel coils. The grade can be chosen by considering the following factors:

Resistance Power:

The most advantageous characteristics of stainless steel coils is its resistance to heat, water, air and corrosion. If your application requires the maximum level of corrosion resistance, austenitic or duplex alloys are your best options. These alloys include grades such as 304, 304L, 316 and 316L. The austenitic grade is also a perfect choice for better temperature resistance. A grade that contains a large amount of chromium, silicon, nitrogen and other rare earth elements has a better level of temperature resistance, for instance, grade 310. Stainless steel coil grades with high nitrogen levels and low carbon, such as 310, 316, 304, etc. are good options for lower temperature resistance.

Strength of Grade:

For most applications, a high level of strength is required to ensure durability and safety. However, different grades of stainless steel coils offer different levels of strength. If your area of application demands a high degree of strength, martensitic and precipitation handling grades are the best choice. For instance, the application in construction and transport industry. Duplex steel grade provides a normal level of strength. Whereas, austenitic offers a moderate strength.

The Capability of Welding:

Diverse areas of stainless steel application demand a fabrication procedure. If the metal needs to undergo a fabrication procedure like welding, you need to choose the grades that can avoid cracks or intergranular corrosion caused by the fabrication method. For such application, low carbon metal grades like 316, 304L, 347 and 430 are great options.

Tolerance of Heat Treatment:

During the construction of certain structures, stainless steel needs to undergo heat treatment in order to give it a distinct size or shape. For such applications, you need to pick the right grade that can withstand heat treatment without being affected. If the choice of grade is not right, there may be a drastic change in the characteristics of steel after the treatment, which is not the desired result. Ferritic and austenitic grades should be avoided for such stainless steel coil applications. Martensitic and precipitation handling is a better choice.

Furthermore, the level of machining tolerance should also be considered for the applications that require said fabrication procedure. By following these, you can select the right product for your requirement.

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